Geologically, Hilton Head Island has been an island since at least the most recent ice age. As a fertile hunting and fishing ground, the area served as a seasonal destination for prehistoric Native Americans since about 8,000 B.C. and has hosted permanent settlement for several thousand years. The first European explorers visited the island during the 16th century, but the area wasn’t put under the plow until after 1700. At various times throughout the Colonial period, Hilton Head served as a military installation and agricultural outpost. Although it saw some fighting during the Civil War, it sustained less damage than many mainland communities. Today, it’s one of South Carolina’s most popular vacation destinations.


Hilton Head Island is located near the southernmost point of South Carolina. The island is roughly contiguous with the town of Hilton Head Island, one of the principal population centers in Beaufort County. The community has a land area of nearly 70 square miles. Although it’s technically not a barrier island, it does serve an important ecological role by controlling the flow of water into and out of the estuaries that separate it from the mainland. Like the rest of coastal South Carolina, Hilton Head Island is flat and quite marshy.

Population and Demographics

According to the 2010 Census, Hilton Head Island has a permanent population of between 35,000 and 40,000. However, this figure increases markedly during the spring and fall tourist seasons. In some years, it can swell to more than 250,000. Since many of the homes on Hilton Head are seasonally occupied, the local economy is heavily dependent on construction, maintenance and other services geared towards second homeowners. Many locals who live here year-round also commute to mainland towns like Bluffton to work in professional services like finance, medicine and law. Hilton Head has a relatively low population of school-age children.

Things to Do in Hilton Head Island, South Carolina

As a tourist-friendly area, Hilton Head has a stunning range of attractions for locals and visitors alike. The island’s eastern shore is covered by white-sand beaches and boasts several popular inlets for boaters, including Calibogue Sound. The island has several public parks, including Chaplin and Shelter Cove Parks, but it’s also noted for public and private golf courses like Golden Bear Golf Club at Indigo Run. Bird-watchers and other wildlife enthusiasts enjoy Pinckney Island National Wildlife Refuge, an important habitat for migratory birds. Meanwhile, kids enjoy the Coastal Discovery Museum near the island’s geographical center.

Climate and Weather

Hilton Head’s subtropical climate is heavily influenced by the nearby Atlantic Ocean. Like the rest of coastal South Carolina, the community experiences a hot, humid summer period that sees occasional influxes of tropical moisture and regular rainfall. During the transitional seasons, slightly cooler and drier weather prevails. However, rainfall can occur at any time of the year. In the winter, conditions can range from mild and sunny to cool and rainy. Freezing temperatures and frost are relatively rare here.

Air Conditioning Repair in Hilton Head Island, South Carolina

Gray’s Heating and Air Conditioning Company is proud to provide a range of heating and air conditioning services for the entire Hilton Head Island community. The company’s NATE-certified technicians are fully insured and carry up-to-date South Carolina licenses. From commercial HVAC installations and refrigeration repairs to routine duct cleanings and indoor air quality audits, they can be trusted to handle virtually any air conditioning service job that their customers demand. In addition to 24-7 emergency service, Gray’s offers annual maintenance agreements that extend equipment lifespans while providing year-round peace of mind.

Gray’s is also proud to be a Bryant Factory Authorized Dealer. The company’s stock of systems includes state-of-the-art central air conditioning units, heat pumps, gas furnaces, out-of-the-box equipment and commercial-grade air conditioning devices. With full access to Bryant’s Evolution, Preferred and Legacy equipment lines, Gray’s customers are sure to find a system that fits their needs without breaking their budgets. Gray’s also offers full lines of HVAC accessories, including controls and thermostats as well as insulation, filters and duct covers. With Gray’s, Hilton Head Island has its indoor comfort needs in order.